Bihar State Seed Certification Agency controlled through seed act 1966 of section 8 & 9 .In the regard of basic aim seed certification scheme sanction by state government resolution no 2043 dated 25.11.1972. Bihar State Seed certification agency registered under society registration act 1860 of section 21. The agency registered in 29th March 1979 & its registration no is 25 dated 29th March 1979.
Definition of Seed Certification:
Seed certification is a regulated process, designed to secure, maintain and make available certain prescribed levels of genetic purity, physical purity, physiological quality and health in seeds including vegetative propagating materials of superior crop plant varieties.
The objective of seed certification thus is to develop and operate such a mechanism or arrangement through the various phases of seed production, processing, storage and handling so as to meet the requirement mentioned in the Definition.
Importance of Seed Certification :
Seed is the only medium by which varieties evolved by plant breeding programmes spending considerable skill, time, energy and money can be continuously and repeatedly made available to the public in their original form,, on a large scale and over a long period. Seed may also be an agent either singly or in combination with other for transfer and spread of harmful fungal, bacterial or vial pathogens, nematodes, insects and weeds over crop generations and over time and space. Further it is of value only if it is pure and alive. If genetically, physically and physiologically good seed should be available for successful crop production an affective quality control mechanism is necessary, right from the choice of seed for raining the seed crop to the supply of seed so produced for subsequent crop production. Experience has shown that a sound seed certification system is the effective way for seed quality control. It is thus an essential means to reap the benefits of crop improvement research and to achieve the ultimate ends of plant breeding. Hence, seed certification forms a vital component of any seed improvement programme.
Seed certification Procedures :
Seed certification is completed in six broad phases as shown below
- Receipt and scrutiny of application
- Verification of the source, class and other requirements of the seed used for raining the seed crop
- Field inspections to verify conformity to the prescribed filed standards.
- Supervision at various stages, especially during harvesting, transportation of harvested produces to the threshing yard, threshing, winnowing, bagging of raw seed, its transportation and handling, processing and bagging.
- Seed sampling and analysis, including genetic purity tests and or seed health tests, if any prescribed to verify conformity top the prescribed standards.
- Grant of certificate and certification tags and tagging and sealing